One of my favorite types of photography is photographing silhouettes. They are easy to photograph, create beautiful images, and my twins enjoy being “silhouette” models. Though Ellie and Jenna are not quick to volunteer as subjects for most photos these days, they enjoy posing for these since they do not need to smile, I let them jump in the air, and they can be silly without it showing.
Every year when we vacation in Northern Michigan, I try to photograph one evening sunset in this style. This year was more challenging since the weather forecast would say sunny or partly cloudy and then the sky was full of clouds each night. But after going to the beach, night after night, I finally caught a great sunset.
Three keys to amazing silhouettes:
1. Locate a bright background. Make sure your background is brighter than your foreground and model. Sunrise and sunsets work perfect for this. Any natural or artificial back lighting can work.
2. Make sure your subjects are interesting shapes. Imagine the person as a solid black shape. Is it interesting? I prefer photograph people from a profile view (side view) for silhouettes. Look for props with eye-catching shapes where they are very easy to identify, for example, bicycles.
3. Pay attention to clothing (shape and color).
- Shape: Ideally, have your subject(s) wear form-fitted clothing. As in point 2, shape is very important since that is all you will see against the colors of the background. For example, Ellie wore a black cardigan tied in front. In most photos it was obviously a jacket, but in some images it appears as a lump coming out of her at an unflattering position.
- Color: Dark clothing works much better than light – and void white clothing if at all possible.
How I did it… Here are the setups used for the following images. Camera settings are below each image.
In this photo below, I used a wide angle lens, Canon 16-35 2.8. I was at a focal length of 20mm. I used an aperture of f14 to get a starburst effect. I was laying on the ground with my lens angled up. I used all point focus since my eye was not looking into the lens. I would say “1, 2, 3, jump.” As I shouted “3” I would hold down the shutter for 3-4 shots. Then stop, look at the images, access what needed to change, and do it again. My twins have fun jumping so they often will give me a good 10 minutes of jumping before they quit.
I love this shot. I had Ellie and Jenna raise their hands until they were touching just below the sun. It almost appears as if they are lifting the sun.
This photo below is a perfect example of tip #2. Unintentionally, Jenna’s jacket went to the side. This shot reminds me of Charlie’s Angels. It looks like she has a gun on her side, when in fact it is just extra material.
This image was shot with my Canon 70-200. I call this the “ultrasound shot” because Jenna’s profile is exactly the same as then (minus the hair).
Years ago, I photographed my husband lifting my daughter in the air. I wanted to replicate the shot. The challenge… she weighs about 20 pounds more than back then and is about a foot taller. So it was not quite what I had hoped since he was in pain trying to hold her. But it was still pretty fun because of the sun flare.
Though not a profile, her hair and hands make this one interesting. I also like the added dimension of her bracelets.
The photo below was taken the day prior to the one above. It was very cloudy and you can see the sunset itself was basically covered by the blanket of clouds. But I still captured some fun images. Since the sun was not a focal point, I shot closer to wide open at 5.6 to let some light in. I could have opened up even more. I used a speed of 1/500 to catch the motion.