Tips and Tricks to Pose High School Seniors Naturally
This article focuses on females. To learn more about posing guys read this article.
When it comes to posing clients, my job, as the photographer, is:
(1) To help my subject to relax
(2) To understand what positions and lighting will be most flattering.
(3) To consciously avoid things that will be distracting or unflattering.
Trying to get someone to look natural and relaxed in photos is usually not as easy as saying “just act natural!” Most people feel anything but natural in front of the camera. I don’t know about you, but when someone holds a camera up to take a picture of me, I become very aware of my arms, which suddenly feel long, awkward and in the way.
So what are some ways to help your client relax?
I know a nice glass of wine would help me relax, but since I shoot mostly high school seniors (and because I’m currently pregnant), that’s definitely out of the question. Here are some more practical suggestions:
1. Get to know her. I start by making sure she is completely comfortable around me (for more on this, check out my previous post about relating to seniors).
2. Let her know what to expect. It also helps if she feels prepared for the session. During the pre-session communication, I make sure my client knows what to expect. I give her a handout of suggestions and frequently asked questions.
3. Interact with her. A silent photo shoot would be rather awkward for both the photographer and the subject. And if your subject feels awkward, chances are they’re going to look awkward. Help her relax by talking to her.
4. Have her bring a friend. Better yet, have her bring a friend or someone else she’s completely comfortable around. The friend can stand by you and talk and joke with her so you’re able to concentrate more on taking pictures.
5. Get her thinking. What’s on the mind shows on the face. If you want a natural smile, ask her to think of something that makes her happy.
6. Show her what to do. If you have a pose in mind, instead of just explaining it, show her. If you’re not comfortable in a pose, she probably won’t be either. Search Pinterest or buy a posing guide, then practice the poses at home in front of the mirror.
7. Make her laugh. For many of my clients, their favorite photos end up being ones where they’re laughing. A genuine laugh is one of my favorite natural expressions. Sometimes in order to get my client to laugh, I have to make a complete fool of myself. I’ll tell her about a time I embarrassed myself or something awkward that’s happened lately. If you can’t think of anything, just tell her to do something ridiculous (like make an animal noise) and she’ll make herself laugh.
8. Keep her moving. I’m not talking about big, jerky movements like she’s striking poses; I just want her to stay ‘fluid’. I encourage my client to do this by asking her to do things like run her hand through her hair, play with her jewelry or accessories, look in different directions, cross (or uncross) her legs, lean against something, etc.
9. Keep her hands busy. Busy hands help with camera anxiety. If my client is interested in using props, I love using things like old suitcases, bicycles, hats, scarves, and sunglasses. Some will even bring an instrument or a pet with them. I also use our surroundings. If there’s a fence, I might have her rest her arm(s) on it. Stairs, trees, walls, benches, hay bales, etc. are all great for solving the ‘what do I do with my hands?’ question.
10. Show her a great shot. Lastly, when you get a stellar shot, show her on the back of your camera to help boost her confidence. Make sure you pick a good one, and when she sees how great she looks, that confidence boost will help her relax.
Getting your client to relax is the hardest part. Once you’ve achieved that, all you have to do is make sure you know what things to do and what things to avoid in order to create the most flattering images.
How to Get Flattering Portraits: Posing
These are some general guidelines for flattering portraiture. Please note that some of the most beautiful and creative pictures I’ve seen break these rules. The key is to be aware of the guidelines and know when and why you’re breaking them.
1. Shoot at or above eye level. Shooting up at someone generally isn’t flattering. Shooting down on someone slims the face, eliminate the dreaded “double chin” and, if you’re shooting outside, makes the eyes sparkle because they reflect the sky.
2. Watch your subject’s posture. Hunched shoulders aren’t flattering on anyone. Most of the time you’re going to want your subject to have her shoulders back and neck elongated.
3. Angle your subject. Having your subject angle her shoulders slightly away from the camera has a slimming effect and adds some dimension. A forty-five degree angle is considered ideal.
4. Use a longer-focus lens. For portraiture, it’s generally best to use a telephoto or semi-telephoto lens. My favorite portrait lens is the 85mm f/1.4. The compression of the telephoto lens flatters features. A wide-angle lens will exaggerate features, especially when shooting close-up. Telephoto lenses also give your client some personal space, which allows them to feel more relaxed.
5. Use soft light. While a little bit of shadow or highlight is great for adding some depth and dimension to a photograph, soft, diffused light is the most flattering to the features.
6. Have your subject look above the lens. If your subject looks above your lens instead of directly at it, it will help their eyes look more open.
7. Use a wide aperture. A wide aperture will narrow your depth of field, bringing the focus on your subject.
8. Use spot metering. Using spot metering and aiming your focal point at your subject’s face will help ensure that you are properly exposing for her skin.
9. If it bends, bend it. Bent joints are much more visually appealing than straight joints. Also, while we’re talking about joints, avoid cropping at the joints.
10. Always be ready. Some of my favorite shots are taken when my client doesn’t expect it. Sometimes I’ll tell her that I’m just working on getting my camera set up and I’ll chat with her from behind the lens and take a few photos.
Not So Flattering: Things to Watch Out For
Again, these are general guidelines for senior portrait photography. The important thing is that you understand why these guidelines exist and, if you choose not to follow them, know why you made that decision.
1. Avoid distracting backgrounds. Make sure there aren’t any objects “growing out of your subject’s head.” Also try to keep your backgrounds as simple as possible. Pulling your subject further from the background and widening your aperture can help bring the focus on her.
2. Avoid excessive cleavage. Shooting down on someone can really flatter the face, but make sure you’re not drawing too much attention anything else 😉
3. Watch for bra straps and panty lines. If your subject is wearing a white top, make sure they’re wearing appropriate undergarments. Keep an eye out for bra straps slipping off the shoulders. It’s much easier to correct the problem before you shoot rather than trying to fix it later in post-processing.
4. Check for chipped polish. I keep nail polish remover with me at shoots just in case my client forgot about her fingernails. Old, chipped nail polish can be very distracting in photos.
5. Don’t shoot at bare pits. If your subject has her arms above her head, make sure her armpits are covered (sleeves) or she’s angled in such a way that her armpits aren’t visible.
6. Watch the crotch. Pretty self-explanatory: if your client is in a skirt or dress, be careful when shooting her in any sitting or squatting pose.
7. Don’t push a pose. If you suggest a pose and your client doesn’t understand it or you can tell that she doesn’t feel comfortable, move on.
8. Avoid sticky arms. The most unflattering position for the arms is straight down at the sides; this makes the arms look larger.
9. Watch for glass glare. Avoid glare by carefully watching the light. Some may prefer photographs without their glasses. If they don’t want to ditch the glasses, and glare is a problem you aren’t able to avoid, they can use an old pair without lenses or remove lenses from the frame temporarily.
10. Avoid harsh light. Not only does harsh light (like the kind you get in full sun at high-noon) create unflattering shadows on the face, but it also causes your subject to squint.
Do you have any additional suggestions or maybe some questions? Leave them in the comment section!
Need more help with posing seniors? Check out the MCP Senior Posing Guides, filled with tips and tricks for photographing high school seniors. If you found this post helpful, imagine how much you will learn in our premium guides.
Up next: Posing High School Seniors
All images in this post were edited using the MCP Four Seasons – Summer Solstice Photoshop Actions.
About the Author: Ann Bennett is the owner of Ann Bennett Photography in Tulsa, OK. She specializes in high school senior pictures and lifestyle family photography. For more information about Ann, visit her website www.annbennettphoto.com or Facebook page www.facebook.com/annbennettphotography.